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原標題:Genetic Radiation Risks-A Neglected Topic in the Low Dose Dabate.

Busby C1, Schmitz-Feuerhake I2, Pflugbeil S3.

作者:

  • 1Environmental Research SIA, Riga, Latvia.
  • 2University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.
  • 3German Society for Radiation Protection, Berlin, Germany.

摘要:

The committee of the United Nations for the Evaluation of Radiation Effects UNSCEAR as well as the International Commission on Radiological Protection ICRP up to now have derived a very low risk for hereditary diseases in humans from experiments in mice. They claim that there are no human data to refer to, and missing effects in the acute exposed Japanese A-bomb survivors are erroneously generalized to situations of chronic exposure. We made a compilation of findings about early deaths, congenital malformations, Downs syndrome, cancer and other effects, which were observed in humans after the exposure of parents.

聯合國原子輻射影響科學委員會,以及國際放射防護委員會,在老鼠實驗得到的基礎上,認為輻射對於人類遺傳性疾病的風險非常低。此聲明奠基於:據傳大量揭露的日本原子彈倖存者,缺乏遺傳影響。我們懷疑這些假設的安全性,並在雙親被曝的觀察者身上,就早期死亡、先天畸形、唐氏症、癌症,以及在人類觀察到的其它遺傳影響的部份,彙整了相關發現。

A few pointers are available from occupationally exposed groups, and much information can be drawn from studies in populations exposed by Chernobyl fallout and from the descendants of liquidators. Nearly all types of hereditary defects were found, which are to be expected according to our general knowledge of mechanism. We show that the official risk estimates are much too low.

從特定職業的人們(觀察群組)身上,可以獲得一些指標;而從車諾比核災裡的被曝者與善後人員的後代身上,可以得到更多資訊。幾乎所有的遺傳影響都被發現到,據我們對遺傳機制的普遍認識來說,這是可預期的。這些顯示了官方對風險的估計太低了。

出處:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26791091

 

 

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Article by State Secretary Rainer Baake regarding Germany's energy reforms in the weekly newspaper DIE ZEIT

 

能源和經濟國務秘書 Rainer Baake

針對德國的能源改革  在Die Zeit週刊的投書  2014-12-11

 

Rainer Baake:為知名能源政策專家和“能源轉型計劃”的主要設計者,曾擔任德國環境部副部長等公職

 

翻譯●編譯/成功大學外文所博士生李一帆(翻譯工作室)



德國的能源轉換過程,真的像是法蘭克‧德西許納(Frank Drieschner)在報紙上說的那樣,是一個骯髒的錯誤嗎? 讓我們從檢視一些事實開始。2000年的時候,德國聯邦議院通過了再生能源法修正草案(Renewable Energy Sources Act),同一天政府批准了一個逐步停止核能運轉的時間表。從那時開始,可再生能源發電量上升了144萬億瓦特/時 (TWh),而同時核能電廠產生的電量下降了72萬億瓦特/時。從那時開始,再生能源發電量快速增加,補足甚至遠遠超過了因逐步減產而下降的核能發電電量,也同時在國內市場上取代了可觀的化石燃料發電量。

 

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